Mary Baker Eddy

Discoverer, Founder, and Leader of Christian Science
Author of Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures

Biographical Chronology

1821 July 16, Bow, N.H.: Mary Morse Baker born to Mark and Abigail Baker.
1843 December 10, Sanbornton (now Tilton), N.H.: marries George W. Glover of Charleston, S.C.
1844 June 27, Wilmington, N.C.: George Glover passes on.
July, Sanbornton: Widowed, penniless, expecting their child, Mary returns to Baker home.
Sept 12: Gives birth to son, George Glover, Jr.
Over twenty years of illness and invalidism begin.
1851 May: George, Jr., lives with foster family, Cheneys of North Groton, N.H.
Her health worsens.
1853 June 21: Marries Daniel Patterson, a dentist of Franklin, N.H., hoping to make a home for her son, George.
1855 Pattersons move to North Groton, N.H., so she could be near her son. Debilitating illness continues.
1856 Cheneys, with George, Jr., now twelve, move to Minnesota, breaking contact with her son until 1861.
1860 Pattersons move to Rumney, N.H.
1862 October, Portland, Maine: First visit to Phineas Quimby, magnetic healer. Experiences temporary relief.
1865 Lynn, Mass.: Patterson resumes dental practice. Couple resides in Lynn, then Swampscott.
1866 February, Swampscott, Mass.: Life-threatening effects of fall on ice, healed through prayer.
Begins year-long period of healing others, researching the Scriptures, and exploring the discovery she eventually will name Christian Science.
Deserted by her husband, Daniel Patterson.
1867 Taunton, Amesbury, Stoughton, Lynn, Mass.: Years of writing and teaching others to heal through prayer begin.
1872 Begins writing manuscript titled The Science of Life (re-titled Science and Health).
1873 Obtains divorce from Patterson, after twenty years of marriage.
1875 March, Lynn, Mass.: Purchases home at 8 Broad St.
October 30: Science and Health published (later titled, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures).
1877 January 1, Lynn: Marries Asa Gilbert Eddy.
1878 Boston, Mass.: Eddys commute on Sundays to Boston, where Mrs. Eddy preaches.
1879 Lynn: Church of Christ (Scientist) chartered, with Mrs. Eddy as Pastor.
Charlestown, Mass.: First service of Church of Christ (Scientist).
1880 Jan. - June, Boston: Eddys live at various addresses. Mrs. Eddy preaches, lectures.
Oct., Lynn: Mrs. Eddy and students form Massachusetts Metaphysical College.
1881 January 31: Massachusetts Metaphysical College chartered in Boston.
1882 January: The Eddys move from Lynn; Mrs. Eddy gives series of lectures in Washington, DC.
April, Boston: The Eddys move to Columbus Avenue.
May: College opens for classes.
June: Gilbert Eddy passes on.
September: Mrs. Eddy begins seven years of teaching, preaching, lecturing, writing, publishing.
1883 April, Boston: First issue of Journal of Christian Science (later The Christian Science Journal).
1889 May: Leaves Boston.
June, Concord, N.H.: Settles in rented house at 62 North State Street.
Resigns pastorate of the Church of Christ (Scientist).
Christian Scientist Association and the Massachusetts Metaphysical College are dissolved.
Formal government of Church of Christ (Scientist), suspended. Church continues to hold services.
1890 Christian Science Quarterly, containing Bible lessons, published.
1891 January, Concord, N.H.: After major revision, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, 50th ed., published.
November: Retrospection and Introspection published.
1892 June, Concord, N.H.: Moves to Pleasant View, farm estate on outskirts of city.
September 23: The Church of Christ, Scientist, reorganized with four-person Board of Directors and twelve First Members.
1893 December: Illustrated poem Christ and Christmas, published.
1894 Boston: Construction of The Mother Church. Seating capacity: about 1,000.
December: First service held in original edifice.
1895 Bible and Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, ordained as Pastor.
September: First edition of Church Manual of The Mother Church published.
1897 February: Miscellaneous Writings 1883-1896 published.
1898 Mary Baker Eddy strengthens church through year of intense activity, including:
Establishes Board of Lectureship, presenting facts about Christian Science to the public through free lectures.
Creates Christian Science Publishing Society through Deed of Trust.
Forms Board of Education for teaching Christian Science.
Names twenty-six topics for weekly Lesson-Sermons, for use in individual Bible study and as sermons in Churches of Christ, Scientist.
Launches weekly periodical, Christian Science Weekly (later Christian Science Sentinel) .
Teaches last formal class, to 68 selected students at Concord, N.H.
Establishes Committee on Publication to address published errors about Christian Science.
Publishes poem, “Christmas Hymn” (“Blest Christmas morn…”).
1899 Josephine Woodbury brings libel suit against Mary Baker Eddy and officers of Church and Christian Science Publishing Society.
1901 Woodbury suit decided in favor of Mrs. Eddy and other defendants.
1902 Publishes major revision of Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, 226th printing.
1903 Construction begins on the domed extension to The Mother Church.
1906 June 10: Dedication of The Mother Church Extension. Seating capacity: 5,000.
Collects and edits material for The First Church of Christ, Scientist, and Miscellany.
1907 March 1: “Next Friends” lawsuit attempts to prove Mary Baker Eddy, nearly 86, incompetent to conduct business. Six months later, with her competence established beyond refute, claimants withdraw their suit.
1908 January 26, Chestnut Hill, Mass.: Moves with household to 400 Beacon Street, near Boston.
November 25: First issue of The Christian Science Monitor published.
1909 Augusta Stetson, break-away leader of New York branch church, excommunicated.
1910 Makes last revisions to Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures and Church Manual.
December 3: Mrs. Eddy passes on.
December 17: Church Manual, 89th edition, published.
1911 Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures with Mrs. Eddy's final revisions published.
1913 The First Church of Christ, Scientist, and Miscellany, published.

Biography