The Great Honey Harvest

The Story of the Busy Bees

By
  • Kelly Byquist
-

 

This article is part of our Longyear for Kids series, written with a younger audience in mind. See more articles in the series here.


A Busy Bee insignia. Longyear Museum Collection.

A long time ago, in 1891, twelve Sunday School students in Boston, Massachusetts, were asked a question: “How many would like to become little workers for this Home?”

The Home in question was actually a church—The First Church of Christ, Scientist, also known as The Mother Church—which Christian Scientists were planning on building. What do you think their answer was?

Ruth Eddy Colman was a Busy Bee who collected her earnings in a piggy bank to donate to The Mother Church building fund. Do you have a piggy bank? Longyear Museum Collection.

Every hand shot up!1

One girl suggested a way they could help. “I want to give some money out of my own bank!”2

That day, each student received a dime (equivalent to three dollars today) and was told to make use of this “talent.” Do you know what a talent is? A talent is a measure of valuable currency, like dollars or pesos or euros. Christ Jesus’ parable in the Bible (see Matthew 25: 14–30) tells of workers who were blessed when they multiplied their talents. And that’s what these Sunday School students were being asked to do – use their dime so they could give more to The Mother Church.

And with this, the work of the Busy Bees—as this active, generous, inventive group of children were called—began. As word spread throughout the Christian Science movement about the work of the Boston Busy Bees, more and more children wanted to join in the fundraising efforts.3

“Do you know what my little girl has bought with her ten cents?” one mother asked proudly. “A bottle of glue. She and her twin brother went into partnership. He bought paper, tinsel, doll heads, etc., and they are going to dress paper dolls, and sell them.”

Selling their product at fifteen cents apiece, including a wardrobe of three dresses for each doll, the twins made a total of $20—that’s $600 today! Christian Scientists throughout the United States, England, Ireland, and Germany bought the dolls!4

Two twelve-year-old Busy Bees—a sister and brother duo—combined their “talents” and went into business making paper dolls. A set was sent to Mary Baker Eddy, who responded: “Thank the giver of doll-dresses for me.”5 Longyear Museum Collection.

One boy invested his ten cents in popcorn, paper bags, butter, and salt, and started a popcorn business. Another sold magazines door to door. Other children earned money by selling flowers, shoveling snow, painting fences, and running errands. One little girl made aprons, another earned money for styling her grandmother’s hair, while yet another multiplied her “talent” by feeding a neighbor’s horse.

“My dear little friends,” Mary Baker Eddy wrote the Busy Bees, “Do you know how much I love you? Do you know that God loves you?”

Mary Baker Eddy in 1891, the year the Busy Bees were formed. Longyear Museum Collection.

She continued: “Only think of having these gems of childhood character among the foundation stones for the Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston! Only think that sometime I may go into this Church—look at its massive walls, and try to think how many doll dresses, how many paper bags of popcorn, how much candy it took, how much shoveling of snow, carrying up wood, yea, how many loving, tireless tasks the dear children cheerfully performed to help build the first Church for Christian Science in Massachusetts.”6

When the Busy Bees met three months later, there were now 52 in the group! When each one shared how they had made use of their “talent” and multiplied their dimes, together they had all earned $135.64, which equals more than $4,000 today!

Isn’t that amazing? What do you think was their secret to success?

Maurine Campbell, the Sunday School teacher in charge of the Busy Bees put it perfectly when she said: “Each had simply utilized his opportunity.”7

Maurine Campbell, the Sunday School teacher who started the Busy Bees, was called the “Queen Bee.” Longyear Museum Collection.

Maurine Campbell loved children. She had been a schoolteacher and principal, and now was a Christian Science practitioner and a Sunday School teacher. When the idea to have children help raise money for The Mother Church came to her, many Sunday School students wanted to help.

The children planned to use their money for a special room in the church for Mrs. Eddy, and to call it “Mother’s Room.” (Mother was a loving way that many Christian Scientists described Mrs. Eddy.8)

In a letter, Maurine mentioned the deeper meaning behind this special room. “Much love to the dear children,” she wrote a friend, “and may each always have a Room in the heart for Mother.”9

After three months, the Busy Bees were ready to roll up their sleeves again.10 But first, Maurine had a surprise for each Bee: A beehive bank and a little gift made out of a walnut!

Left: A bank in the shape of a beehive was given to each Busy Bee in June 1891 to store their earnings. Right: Maurine made walnut tokens for each Bee containing a “good thought”—a quote from the Bible and from Science and Health. Center: A carefully wrapped citation from one of the walnuts. Longyear Museum Collection.

The resourceful and entrepreneurial Busy Bees quickly started buzzing again. (An entrepreneur is someone who creates, invents, and runs his or her own business.)

May Beck and her siblings from Nebraska earned one dollar for helping their father in the harvest field. “I earned my part riding the lead horses on the binder,” May reported proudly.11

Eight-year-old Zilfa saved the coins her parents gave her for candies and treats and sent 50 cents to the church fund.12

Some children, like five-year-old Myrtle, had a change of heart. Myrtle had been saving her pennies for her birthday party. When her father suggested she send her money to Boston, Myrtle was horrified. “No! I am going to have a birthday party!” But two weeks later, she changed her mind. “Papa, I am going to send my money in a letter to Boston, to build the Christian Science Church.” When her father told her she wouldn’t be able to donate her money and have a birthday party, she replied: “I don’t care. I will have a Church.”13

Partway through construction of the Original Edifice of The Mother Church in Boston, Massachusetts. Longyear Museum Collection.

Even a 14-month-old Christian Science toddler pitched in, earning her contribution by giving out kisses!14

Stella Lutz from Nebraska earned her money picking strawberries. She also raised a lamb and sold it for five dollars. “I have a mamma, papa, and two sisters,” Stella wrote Mrs. Eddy. “We are all Christian Scientists. I go to Sunday school every Sunday. I read the Bible and Science and Health. I love to learn. I am eight years old, — so good-by. My name is Stella Lutz.”15

Maurine recorded the names and hometowns of every single Busy Bee in a book. Left: Stella Lutz and her sisters Marie and Ola were Busy Bees from Bradshaw, Nebraska. Right: Ruth Eddy Colman was a Bee from Boston, Massachusetts. Longyear Museum Collection.
Two girls from Kansas sent this handmade satin ribbon bookmark for Mrs. Eddy to use in “Mother’s Room.” Printed on it is a poem by John Greenleaf Whittier titled “The Meeting.”17 Photo © The Mary Baker Eddy Library. Used by permission.

“Give my love and thanks to your dear daughter,” Mrs. Eddy wrote Stella’s mother, “and tell her that our heavenly Father is not unmindful of her cheerful sacrifice, and she will be all the happier for every good and unselfish thought and act.”16

The Christian Science Sunday School in Wilmington, Delaware, sent a $5.00 check to the Church, which equals $150 in today’s dollars. To raise the money, five girls and two boys (all under the age of eight) were given Christian Science pamphlets and encouraged to sell them for a penny each. One little boy, not quite four years old, sold over one hundred of them! Another girl age five also sold 100! After 11 weeks, when they opened their beehive bank, 500 pennies came rolling out!18

A poem published in the children’s section of The Christian Science Journal told how the Bees could think about the work they were doing:

Don’t just sit and pray
For increase of your store,
But work; who will help himself,
Heaven helps more.
The weeds while you’re sleeping,
Will come up and grow,
But if you would have the
Full ear, you must hoe!19

In 1894, nearly four years after the Busy Bees began their fundraising efforts, the Original Mother Church edifice in Boston was complete.

The Bees had done extraordinary work. In total, a “honey harvest,” as some Busy Bees had termed it, of $5,568.51—more than $177,000 today—was raised by some 2,600 children!

The Original Edifice of The Mother Church in Boston, Massachusetts, 1899. Longyear Museum Collection.

When the Church was dedicated on January 6, 1895, the Busy Bees were invited to a special service held just for them. Each Bee was given a badge and an inscribed half-inch mosaic tile identical to the ones used for the floor in Mother’s Room. And all the Bees were given a tour of the room they had helped build.20

Left: Boston Busy Bees at the special Dedication Day service at The Mother Church. Longyear Museum Collection. Right: At Mrs. Eddy’s direction, a badge like this one was given to all Busy Bees. If you look closely at the photograph to the left, you can spot the children wearing them! Each Busy Bee also received one of these mosaic tiles. Longyear Museum Collection.

Mrs. Eddy prepared a talk for the day, and in it was an especially sweet message for the Bees. She told them: “Sweet society, precious children, your loving hearts and deft fingers distilled the nectar and painted the finest flowers in the fabric of this history, — even its centre-piece, — Mother’s Room in The First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston. . . . Ah, children, you are the bulwarks of freedom, the cement of society, the hope of our race!”21

Left: Photograph of the exterior of Mother’s Room. Longyear Museum Collection. Right: Interior of Mother’s Room. Illustration from October 1901 Granite Monthly.22

Mary Baker Eddy was deeply moved by the unselfish efforts of the Busy Bees. “I consider what they have done so beautiful and self-sacrificing,” she wrote Maurine, “that I want it to be sacred from all other history that they did this for Mother.”23

For their good work, the Busy Bees received a special reward: Mrs. Eddy dedicated a very important book to them. The book is called Pulpit and Press, and includes, among other things, her Dedicatory Sermon from January 1895. Do you know where to find this book? One place is in Mary Baker Eddy’s Prose Works.

Mrs. Eddy dedicated Pulpit and Press to the Busy Bees. This autographed copy was a gift to Maurine Campbell. Longyear Museum Collection.

Eventually, the work of the Busy Bees was complete, and Mrs. Eddy requested that the group disband. “Charity begins at home” she wrote them, knowing that their efforts would be needed to support family and local communities, and saved for future education.24 As a final gift to the Busy Bees, Mrs. Eddy invested $4,000 in municipal bonds, the proceeds of which were divided and given to each Bee.25

Years later, Maurine Campbell thought about what became of the Busy Bees when they grew up. Some went on to serve as Readers in Christian Science churches, and others became Christian Science practitioners, teachers, and lecturers. “As men and women grown, their work has expanded over a busy world, and they are still disseminating the honey gathered from spiritual flowers—giving their best to our dear Cause.”26

Do you remember the little girl, Ruth Eddy Colman, who collected coins in her piggy bank? She became a life-long Christian Scientist and an artist! Photograph of Ruth all grown up and three portraits that she painted for Longyear Museum. Left to right: John Salchow; Janet Colman (Ruth’s mother); and Erwin Colman (Ruth’s father). Longyear Museum Collection.
Bliss Knapp was another Busy Bee from Boston. When he grew up, Bliss became a Christian Science practitioner, teacher, and lecturer. Left: A lecture announcement in the May 23, 1915 Leavenworth Times (Kansas). Right: Bliss as a youngster and as an adult. Longyear Museum Collection.

Notes


  1. Maurine R. Campbell, “Busy Boston Bees,” The Christian Science Journal 10 (December 1892): 411.
  2. Maurine R. Campbell, “Home and Children’s Department,” The Christian Science Journal 9 (April 1891): 22.
  3. Busy Bees were of all ages, but eventually it was decided that once a Bee reached the age of twelve (the age at which a student of Christian Science can join The Mother Church) that the children’s work would be needed more as a church member. Maurine R. Campbell, “To the Busy Bees,” The Christian Science Journal (March 1895): 522.
  4. Maurine Campbell, “The Story of The Busy Bees: An Account of Pioneer Experiences in Christian Science,” 25, 30, MBEL.
  5. Mary Baker Eddy to Maurine R. Campbell, April 16, 1891, L05780, The Mary Baker Eddy Collection, The Mary Baker Eddy Library, Boston, Massachusetts, hereafter referenced as MBEL.
  6. Mary Baker Eddy to the Sabbath School Children [Boston], April 16, 1891, quoted in Campbell’s reminiscences, 26, MBEL. In the same letter, Mrs. Eddy wrote the children that their actions “should arouse your senior Scientists all over the world to go and do likewise.”
  7. Ibid., 30.
  8. “No house to worship God or home for Christian Science is complete without a room for Mother,” Maurine expressed, adding, “Since Mother represents the highest thought to this age, and you, dear children, are symbolical of the purest thought, will it not be lovely for your offerings to build and furnish Mother’s Room?” Campbell, “Home and Children’s Department,” The Christian Science Journal 9 (April 1891): 22.
  9. Maurine Campbell to Margaret Bonesteel, December 26, 1894, 2010.064.0001, Longyear Museum Collection. In her letter, Maurine also insightfully writes: “Many churches may be erected, but only the one Mother Church. Many rooms furnished, but only the one Mother’s Room in The First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston.”
  10. “How much can I do for the cause?” became a leading question for the swarming Bees, who after three-months’ time were ready for more work. Campbell, “Busy Boston Bees,” The Christian Science Journal 10 (December 1892): 411.
  11. May Beck, “Home and Children’s Department,” The Christian Science Journal 9 (November 1891): 339. A binder is a machine for cutting grain, such as wheat.
  12. E. J. P., “Home and Children’s Department,” The Christian Science Journal 9 (August 1891): 200.
  13. F. M., “Home and Children’s Department,” The Christian Science Journal 9 (August 1891): 200.
  14. Campbell, “Busy Boston Bees,” The Christian Science Journal 10 (December 1892): 411.
  15. Stella Lutz, “Notes From the Field,” The Christian Science Journal 12 (August 1894) 210-211.
  16. Campbell reminiscences, 51, MBEL.
  17. “A Sweet Souvenir,” The Christian Science Journal 13 (June 1895): 89-90. The poem reads in part: “And so, I find it well to come, / For deeper rest, to this still room; / For here the habit of the soul / Feels less the outer world’s control; / The strength of mutual purpose pleads / More earnestly our common needs; / And from the silence multiplied / By these still forms on every side, / The world that time and sense has known / Falls off and leaves us God alone. / So, to the calmly gathered thought, / The innermost of Truth is taught— / The mystery, dimly understood, / That love of God is love of Good; / That book and church and day are given / For man, not God; for earth, not heaven; …”
  18. Alice Dayton, “Home and Children’s Department,” The Christian Science Journal 9 (September 1891): 246.
  19. Alice Carey, “Home and Children’s Department,” The Christian Science Journal 9 (August 1891): 195. Below the poem in the Journal was the biblical quote, “Some an Hundredfold, Some Sixtyfold, Some Thirtyfold,” which refers to Christ Jesus’ parable of the sower who planted seed on good ground and brought forth much fruit (see Matthew chapter 13).
  20. A similar badge and mosaic were later sent to every Busy Bee “the world over,” Maurine wrote, and to those who could not attend the children’s service at The Mother Church. Campbell reminiscences, 69, MBEL.
  21. Mary Baker Eddy, Pulpit and Press, 8-9. Mrs. Eddy’s entire dedicatory sermon was printed in Pulpit and Press, pages 1-11.
  22. Henrietta H. Williams, “Christian Science and the Children,” The Granite Monthly 31 (October 1901): 236.
  23. Mary Baker Eddy to Maurine Campbell, September 15, 1894, reprinted in Campbell reminiscences, 58, MBEL. Here are a few more words of praise for the Busy Bees from Mrs. Eddy: “The children led on by Maurine Campbell have done through her an immortal work.” / “Tell them Mother loves them and will forever. Thank them for Mother and say the gifts from them are embalmed in Mother’s Room and in her heart.” / “Give my love (that is all the honey of my life) to those sweet, precious young Scientists—busy in building their own characters and contributing to purposes good and pure.” / “The dear children’s good deeds are gems in the settings of manhood and womanhood.” Campbell reminiscences, 86, 87, 107, MBEL. Mary Baker Eddy, “Now and Then,” The Christian Science Journal 21 (June 1903): 129-130, reprinted in The First Church of Christ, Scientist, and Miscellany, 12.
  24. Mary Baker Eddy, “To the Children-Contributors to the Mother’s Room and Flower Fund,” The Christian Science Journal 16 (June 1898): 156, reprinted in Miscellany, 216-217.
  25. Ibid.
  26. Campbell reminiscences, 131, MBEL.