"My lecturer laureate"

By
  • Kelly Byquist
-

Abraham Lincoln made a lasting impression on many whom he met. This was certainly the case for William Ewing, who from boyhood was acquainted with Mr. Lincoln and who would eventually find his way to Christian Science.

Mr. Lincoln was a friend and frequent visitor of the Ewing household in the 1840s and 1850s. He was larger than life to young William, who would later describe the 16th President of the United States as a “transcendent composite of greatness and goodness, of genius and gentleness, of sublimity and simplicity.”1

In later years, William would recall how, as a boy, he heard Lincoln defend a case in court, where he delivered the “briefest and most logical argument that was ever made in a court of justice” in the state of Illinois.2 And in 1860, on behalf of his revered friend, William delivered a campaign speech in Muscatine, Iowa, during the memorable race to the United States Senate between Stephen Douglas and Abraham Lincoln.3

Mary Baker Eddy admired Abraham Lincoln, too, and had this portrait of him hanging in her home at 400 Beacon Street in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts. 2017.007.0038, Longyear Museum collection.

Mr. Ewing particularly enjoyed telling friends and family about the time Lincoln came to visit and teased William’s father about his politics.

“Don’t let all these fine boys grow up Democrats,”4 the future president advised John Wallis Ewing, pointing to his five sons. “Let me make a Whig of one of them.”

Although a staunch Democrat himself, John thought his friend’s advice was a good idea for his son William. “You may take him,” he told Lincoln, who upon receiving the go-ahead hoisted the boy upon his knee and dubbed him “Whig Ewing”—a name that stuck to the youngster for many years to come.5

Another warm memory was the time William accompanied his father and Mr. Lincoln when the first “picture making machine” arrived in Bloomington, Illinois.6

“The art gallery was a little room, perhaps 10 x 12 feet in size, over a little old-fashioned rhubarb drug store,” Ewing would write. “I went with my father and Mr. Lincoln over to this art gallery, across the street from my father’s house, to have their daguerreotypes taken. These pictures were very small and were worn respectively by Mrs. Lincoln and my mother as curio breast pins, and were regarded as very fine and rather striking likenesses.”7

Abraham Lincoln, 1846. This daguerreotype is the earliest-known photograph of Abraham Lincoln, taken at age 37 when he was a frontier lawyer in Springfield and Congressman-elect from Illinois. William Ewing and his father may have been with him on the day it was made. Photograph courtesy of Library of Congress.

“Abraham Lincoln’s massive character was constantly before the boy and the youth,” wrote one who would come to know William Ewing many years later, “and must have retained a large place in his unfolding manhood.”8

Proclivities toward the law

William Gillespie Ewing was born on a farm in McLean County, Illinois on May 11, 1839 to John Wallis Ewing and Maria McClelland Stevenson.9 After attending district schools, he studied at Illinois Wesleyan University in Bloomington until he began studying law in the office of Robert E. Williams at age twenty. He worked for the firm for three years, until he was admitted to the Illinois Bar in 1861. Work brought him to Quincy, Illinois, where for nineteen years he served at different times in the capacity of City Attorney, Superintendent of Schools, and State’s Attorney for the Judicial Circuit. It was during this time that he gained a reputation for his skill in handling several of the most notorious criminal cases.10

“Mr. Ewing’s uprightness, his love of his fellow-man, his firm belief in the ultimate triumph of the right,—these elements of character,” wrote an essayist, “together with a rare gift of eloquence, a fund of humor and practical experience, and a pathos which touches the hearts of men, fitted him to hold high rank, and as a trial lawyer and jury advocate he has had few equals and no superiors.”11

William and Ruth Ewing. Photograph, P-0440, Longyear Museum collection.

On April 25, 1865, William married Ruth Goodrich Babcock. Two years later, their first daughter, Mary (or “Mamie” as they called her), was born, followed by Ruth four years later.12

In 1882, William and his family moved to Chicago, and four years later he was appointed United States District Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois by President Grover Cleveland.13 Although he lost the candidacy for Congress from the First District of Illinois in 1890, in 1892 William was elected Judge of the Superior Court of Cook County, where he served six years.14

Judge Ewing was known for being “a gentleman of refined taste,” and for having “a courteous and kindly manner.”15 Those that knew him well loved him for his “gentle sunny spirit, as much as for the keen, incisive intellect.”16 He had “a national reputation as a lawyer of high legal attainments,” was “a scholar and an orator known far and wide,” and was “quoted all over this country as authority settling legal questions.”17

“Child-like surrender to Christian Science”

As an infant, William was baptized in the Presbyterian Church, and remained an active member into adulthood. His mother’s “sublime and beautiful faith in the measureless goodness of God” greatly impressed William, and after college he even considered going into the ministry.18

In 1884, when he was 45 years old, after suffering for many years from asthma and finding no relief in the care of the best physicians, William was told that unless he sought a change in climate, his illness would prove fatal. Upon hearing the news, William left home and hearth “with a sad heart” and journeyed “over the Rocky Mountains and across the Sierra Nevadas, and from climate to climate” throughout the country. Eventually, he found himself in Richmond, Virginia, nothing bettered, where a friend who had experienced a remarkable healing urged him to try Christian Science.

“I did not have one particle of faith in Christian Science,” he later recalled. “I did not know anything about it, did not care anything about it. My education, my habits of thought were all against it. . . .”19

Nevertheless, William finally agreed, and took a train to Boston to see a Christian Science practitioner. While meeting with her, a change swept over him.

“I felt a relief; and it was such a strange kind of relief,” he would later explain, “so gentle, so supremely sweet, as if a sunbeam had touched you in the dark midnight’s gloom; as if a finger unseen, dipped with life’s omnipotent power had touched you. . . .”20

William had not eaten anything except fluids for a month. He wasn’t able to walk 50 yards without stopping to rest, nor had he been able to lie down at night. But on the day that he visited the practitioner, all that changed.

“I never slept sweeter or more restfully and refreshingly in all my life,” he recalled. “I have not had a single attack of asthma or anything approaching it from that time to this. My healing was instantaneous, perfect and permanent. I am now able to go anywhere and do anything that an ordinary, respectable man would wish to do.”21

This healing, which came “in the very gloom and shadow of the grave,” moved William to later say, “I owe to Christian Science every breath I’ve drawn; and henceforth, all that I have or can, I will cheerfully contribute to give this dearest love of my life to my neighbor.”22

Undated image of William Ewing. Photograph, P-0444, Longyear Museum collection.

Fourteen years later, on December 26, 1898, he wrote a letter to Mary Baker Eddy, signing it, “a student of Christian Science.”23 Mrs. Eddy replied, “As I read the declaration of yourself . . . I thanked God and took courage. I need a modern Gamaliel, or doctor of the law – our Cause needs you, and God has given you to us.”24

Mrs. Eddy would also remark to a friend, “I was impressed with his sublime child-like surrender to C[hristian] S[cience].”25

My lecturer laureate”

In 1899, William visited Mrs. Eddy at Pleasant View, her home in Concord, New Hampshire. While there, she asked if he would become a Christian Science lecturer. At first, the former judge didn’t think he had the ability that she was looking for. Referencing the Apostle Paul, he told her, “He is my ideal of the kind of man you want.” Towards the end of their conversation, however, William agreed to accept the position. “If you think that I will be of any value to you on the Lecture Board,” he said, “I will be very pleased to accept the service.”26

When William sent his first lecture to Mrs. Eddy, he hoped that she would feel free to use her blue editor’s pencil liberally. But when he received it back in the mail, the only words written in blue were: “Entirely satisfactory.”27

Once William decided to devote the rest of his life to Christian Science, he never looked back. Declining a re-nomination and re-election to the bench, he traveled from coast to coast and eventually overseas, lecturing constantly and continuously from 1899 until 1910.28 While he was originally slated to lecture only in the Midwestern section of the United States,29 he was on the Board for a mere six months when this notice appeared in the Christian Science Sentinel under the heading “Church Rule”:

“It shall be the privilege of all the leading Churches of Christ, Scientist, situated in our largest populated cities, or in the capital cities of the United States, Canada, or Great Britain (in addition to their other established lectures), to call on Judge William G. Ewing of Chicago, Ill., for an annual lecture under the regulations and auspices of the Mother Church in Boston.”30

An invitation to a lecture given at Second Church of Christ, Scientist, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, by William Ewing in 1906. Longyear Museum collection.

On October 5, 1899, Hon. William Ewing delivered a lecture titled “Christian Science, the Religion of Jesus Christ,” in Boston’s Tremont Temple. It began, “I am not a preacher; not to soothe you into a brief dream of content by flowers of speech—I am a stranger to the pleasing, but ephemeral, devices of the orator; I simply want to talk to you as man to man, as friend to friend, brother to brother; my only art will be the simplicity and courage of conviction; my only argument, a statement of facts, and after all, how resistless is the potency of a fact! The sole purpose of inquiry in every court of justice in Christendom is, and ever has been, to invoke facts; the world is weary of theories, it longs for facts; it is surfeited with dogmas, arguments, and platitudes, and cries out for facts.”31

Judge Ewing’s lectures often made headlines, including this one in the Chicago Daily Journal on May 12, 1908.

Mrs. Eddy was overjoyed with the lecture. After reading it through, she wrote William, “Soul of my Soul, the one God, spake through you. Your preparation of your hearers, your subject matter, your way of enforcing it by persuasive strength and humor, your exordium and peroration were perfect. No borrowed plumes, no confounding abstractions, no tiresome detail. And the fire of genius, honest convictions, stalwart purpose, all combine in that Lecture.”

She concluded the letter, “I have made you my lecturer laureate.”32

Mary Baker Eddy called William Gillespie Ewing “my lecturer laureate.” Photograph, P-0443, Longyear Museum collection.

 ”Catching his fish”

Described by one newspaper as “an elderly man, somewhat spare, of fine, scholarly appearance, an eloquent, impressive speaker, and a man who is evidently thoroughly in earnest,” Judge Ewing received high marks wherever he lectured.33

“One of the lecturer’s strong points is his deep sincerity, his honesty of statement and earnestness of manner,” wrote the editor of the Christian Science Sentinel.34 Praised for his mastery of his subject, his sound logic and superb rhetoric, he was known for neither criticizing nor proselytizing, but for endeavoring to enlighten. “It was not an argument to persuade to belief in the principles he represented, so much as it was a plea for fairness and candor,” observed the Memphis Commercial Appeal.35

One of William Ewing’s later lectures, “Christian Science: A Religion of Doing,” was published in pamphlet form by The Christian Science Publishing Society in 1909. It was republished in the April 1, 2014 Christian Science Sentinel.

Mrs. Eddy herself called Mr. Ewing “our best lecturer” on more than one occasion.36 She noted the spirit of “liberty, justice, divine wisdom, and love,” that radiated from his words, as well as his masterful clarity and concision.37

He “enters at the salient points of thought, thus catching his fish by the logic and love in Christian Science,” she wrote to a Christian Scientist in St. Louis in 1900.38 To another, she described him as “the soul of eloquence,” while to William’s wife, Ruth, she noted, “He is so adapted to waken thinkers to the call of God.”39

Continued service

In 1900, William Ewing lectured to a crowd in Quincy, Illinois, a city that knew him many years earlier as a lawyer and judge. Though the good-natured gentleman who left about the year 1880 was similar to the one who returned to give the lecture, this time, he had something more important to share.

“In changing from politics to religion,” he told the crowd, “I certainly cannot have offended my Republican friends, and in sacrificing my Democratic principles for religious principles I hope I have not offended my Democratic friends.”

“I am here to-day to discuss a question more important than any political question,” he explained, “a question the most important that could engage the thought of man in this advanced and advancing age; a question of vital importance to every man and every woman; a question than which none of more far-reaching importance has ever been presented for consideration. That question is, What is the relation of man to God, of the creature to the Creator?”40

This is a question that William Ewing strove to share with his listeners throughout his prolific career as a Christian Science Lecturer. In 1902, he made the first overseas tour of Great Britain by an American Christian Science lecturer.41 He would return again the following year, stopping in Ireland as well, and in 1904 was the first lecturer to visit Mexico.42

Lady Victoria Murray (standing) and William Ewing (seated beside her) are seen here at the laying of the cornerstone of First Church of Christ, Scientist in Manchester, England, on May 30, 1903. The church’s building committee told Mrs. Eddy that it “was a reward to have your faithful worker, Judge Ewing, with us on that occasion.”43 Photograph, P-1052, Longyear Museum collection.

In addition to his skill as a lecturer, William was a talented woodworker, and in June 1910, presented a gift to Mrs. Eddy that he’d made in his spare time.

Irving Tomlinson, who was serving as one of Mrs. Eddy’s secretaries at the time, wrote a thank you note on behalf of Mrs. Eddy for the gift, to which William replied, “I beg you to express to Mrs. Eddy my great appreciation of the love and thanks she sent me by your hand. It gives me great comfort to know that I have been able to add one gleam of joy to her relentless struggle for the good of man.”44

This plaque was made by hand by William Ewing in 1910 as a gift to Mary Baker Eddy.45 2018.033.0046, Longyear Museum collection.

“Judge and Mrs. Ewing of Chicago were always very dear friends of Mrs. Eddy’s,” Mr. Tomlinson later noted, adding that his “lovable qualities greatly endeared him to our Leader.”46

Portrait of William Ewing by Max Bohm. Painting, LMDB-12338, Longyear Museum collection.

In November 1910, William G. Ewing stepped off the Board of Lectureship. In publicly expressing their gratitude for his years of active work – “work which he was well qualified to do by reason of his profound learning, ripe experience, and great love for his fellow-men” – the Christian Science Board of Directors concluded, “In the less public lines of Christian Science endeavor which will now engage his attention, Judge Ewing will be the same kindly Christian gentleman and retain the loving regard of all who know him.”47

Friend of Abraham Lincoln, distinguished judge, and eloquent advocate for Christian Science, this “kindly Christian gentleman” continued his endeavors in “the less public lines of Christian Science” until his passing on February 16, 1922.

 

Notes


  1. “The Lincoln Day Services,” Christian Science Sentinel 11 (February 20, 1909): 483. To celebrate President Abraham Lincoln’s birthday, Judge Ewing delivered an address at The Mother Church in February 1909. Approximately 4,000 were in attendance. He probably delivered the same address at First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Chicago, that same month. See “Letters to our Leader,” Christian Science Sentinel 11 (February 20, 1909): 491.
  2. The case on trial was whether a particular horse had good eyes and sound lungs. Without introducing any witnesses on behalf of his client or cross-examining the doctor and captain who had testified for the prosecution, Lincoln made a brief and concise closing argument and won the case on the side of the defense. “Christian Science, the Religion of Jesus Christ,” The Christian Science Journal 17 (February 1900): 749.
  3. “The Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 3 (July 11, 1901): 713.
  4. The term “Democrat” had a somewhat different connotation at this point in time than it does today. By the 1830s, Andrew Jackson had become a political flashpoint, with Democrats rallying around his policies, and Whigs (formally organized in 1834), who perceived him as a tyrant, opposing them. Lincoln began as a Whig and by 1854 would join the newly-formed Republican party, which opposed the extension of slavery into the Western territories. Like William Ewing, Mary Baker Eddy was raised a Jacksonian Democrat, and would later support Lincoln and his party before she abandoned political partisanship. To read about Mary Baker Eddy and her politics, click here.
  5. “The Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 2 (December 7, 1899): 221-222.
  6. William G. Ewing to Mary Beecher Longyear, October 30, 1918, Longyear Museum collection.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Annie M. Knott, a fellow lecturer who would go on to become the first woman appointed to The Christian Science Board of Directors, made this comment while introducing Mr. Ewing at a lecture in 1900 in Toronto. “The Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 2 (February 8, 1900): 366. During later lecture introductions that year, Justice Quarles of the Idaho Supreme Court asserted that when a boy, William was “a friend, associate, and ardent admirer of the immortal Abraham Lincoln,” while Judge Emil Baensch from Wisconsin described Mr. Ewing as a “compeer and compatriot of Lincoln.” “The Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 2 (April 12, 1900): 516, 547.
  9. John and Maria were married on October 9, 1830, in Kentucky. Kentucky, County Marriage Records, 1783-1965 and had seven children, one of whom died in infancy. William’s father was a leading citizen of Illinois and served as mayor of Bloomington from 1845-1855. Sadly, he passed on in 1855, when his six remaining children were in their teens (William was just 16 years old).
  10. Biographical History of the American Irish in Chicago, 580.
  11. Chauncey M. DePew (ed.), The Library of Oratory Ancient and Modern with Critical Studies of the World’s Great Orators by Eminent Essayists (New York: A.L. Fowle, 1902): 335.
  12. Illinois, Compiled Marriages, 1851-1900. Mary was born in August 1867, followed by Ruth in September 1871. 1900 U.S. Federal Census. Like William, his wife and daughters would become staunch Christian Scientists. Mrs. Ruth Ewing was taught by Mary Baker Eddy at the Massachusetts Metaphysical College and would become a tour de force in the Chicago area, serving as a Christian Science practitioner, teacher, and as pastor of First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Chicago for a time (this was before pastors were replaced by lay readers in Christian Science churches). The Ewings’ daughter Mary would become a Christian Science practitioner, teacher, and lecturer. Mary’s sister, Ruth, would also become a Christian Science practitioner.
  13. The Ewings most likely moved to Chicago so that William could open a law partnership with his brother, Adlai Thomas Ewing, also a distinguished lawyer. “Funeral Services for Former Judge Ewing Today,” Chicago Tribune, February 21, 1922. Like William and Ruth, Adlai and his wife, Kate Hyde Ewing, would also become interested in Christian Science. Adlai was healed of paralysis in 1885, and his wife took Primary class with Mrs. Eddy at the Massachusetts Metaphysical College in September 1888. Adlai T. Ewing, “A Case of Healing of Paralysis,” Christian Science Sentinel 3 (December 27, 1900): 270. William served as United States District Attorney from 1885 to 1890. In 1892, he spoke at a banquet of the famous Democratic organization in Chicago, the Iroquois Club. When there was an uncertainty as to who should be the Democratic presidential nominee, William advocated for Grover Cleveland. “Mr. Ewing’s pronouncement in favor of Mr. Cleveland won the enthusiastic approval of the Iroquois banqueters, and ultimately was a factor in securing the nomination for the New York man.” “Quits Law for Religion,” Christian Science Sentinel 2 (December 28, 1899): 273-274.
  14. Biographical History of the American Irish in Chicago, 580. Mr. Ewing was admired for “serving his term as Judge with signal ability and commanding the respect and esteem of the Bar, the litigants, and the public.” The Library of Oratory Ancient and Modern with Critical Studies of the World’s Great Orators by Eminent Essayists, 335.
  15. Biographical History of the American Irish in Chicago, 580.
  16. “Hon. W.G. Ewing: An Interview—How He Was Healed and What Made Him a Christian Scientist,” Washington News Letter, 38.
  17. Ibid.
  18. “Christian Science, the Religion of Jesus Christ,” The Christian Science Journal 17 (February 1900): 749. Ruth B. Ewing to William G. Ewing, April 18, 1899, Ewing, Judge William G.—correspondence—1899-1908, The Mary Baker Eddy Collection, The Mary Baker Eddy Library, Boston, Massachusetts (hereafter referenced as MBEL). Carrying on the tradition set by Abraham Lincoln, Ruth addressed this letter to her husband, “Dear Whig.”
  19. “Hon. W.G. Ewing,” 38-39.
  20. Ibid., 39. The Boston practitioner was Mrs. Annie Leavitt.
  21. Ibid., 51. William’s recollection may have been slightly overstated. According to his wife, William was initially susceptible to relapse, and this is what spurred Ruth to be “an investigator” of the merits of Christian Science. “The Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 21 (July 26, 1919): 933.
  22. W.G. Ewing, “Introductory Address,” Christian Science Sentinel 1 (April 6, 1899): 10-11.
  23. Judge W. Ewing to Mary Baker Eddy, December 26, 1898, Chestnut Hill File No. 273(a), Ewing, Judge William G. 1897-1900, MBEL. Judge Ewing became a member of The Mother Church on June 3, 1899.
  24. Mary Baker Eddy/Calvin A. Frye to William G. Ewing, January 6, 1899, V01634, MBEL. Gamaliel was a first-century Jewish rabbi and leader and a famous and well-respected teacher (Paul of Tarsus was under his tutelage). Gamaliel is mentioned in Acts 5 and 22.
  25. Mary Baker Eddy to Edward A. Kimball, April 26, 1899, L07476, MBEL. Mrs. Eddy knew the importance of child-like trust. In the Christian Science textbook, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, she writes, “Willingness to become as a little child and to leave the old for the new, renders thought receptive of the advanced idea.” (323:32)
  26. William G. Ewing reminiscences, 3, MBEL. Interestingly, not long after their conversation, Mrs. Eddy wrote a Communion message to the members of her Church which included the following passage: “I have only to dip my pen in my heart to say, All honor to the members of our Board of Lectureship connected with the Mother Church. Loyal to the divine Principle they so ably vindicate, they earn their laurels: history will record their words and their works will follow them. When reading their lectures I have felt the touch of the spirit of the Mars Hill orator, which always thrills the soul. I have the great pleasure to report that within the last month there have been added to this Board the talent, influence, and experience of the distinguished Hon. William G. Ewing of Chicago, Ill., and Judge Joseph R. Clarkson of Omaha, Neb.” “Message of the Pastor Emeritus, Mary Baker Eddy,” Christian Science Sentinel 1 (June 8, 1899): 1; reprinted in The First Church of Christ, Scientist, and Miscellany, 125. William was elected to the Christian Science Board of Lectureship on April 24, 1899. Mary Baker Eddy to the Christian Science Board of Directors, April 23, 1899, L00220, MBEL. When William’s appointment was announced in the periodicals, the editorial (likely written by fellow judge Septimus Hanna) concluded: “We may be pardoned if we express our gratification and pleasure at seeing members of our whilom profession thus coming into our ranks and lending their valuable aid to the furtherance of our great movement. Never shall we regret having renounced our profession to engage in the immeasurably larger and wider work offered to every earnest student of Christian Science, and we feel sure that our professional brethren will have a similar experience. The profession of the law is a noble one, affording abundant opportunity to do good, but the profession of Christianity, in its higher and broader reaches, is the very supremacy of all professions….” “The Board of Lectureship,” Christian Science Sentinel 1 (May 4, 1899):4. Within a month or two of this appointment, a pamphlet was published by The Christian Science Publishing Society entitled “Legal Aspects of Christian Science.” It was considered to be, in some respects, “the most helpful and useful pamphlet yet issued by the Christian Science Publishing Society.” “Recent Pamphlets,” Christian Science Sentinel 1 (June 22, 1899): 4. In this pamphlet, William Ewing and other former judges wrote extensively about their views on the legal rights and aspects of the practice of Christian Science healing. To read part of Mr. Ewing’s written contributions, see “Recent Pamphlets,” The Christian Science Journal 17 (July 1899): 297-299.

    William Ewing contributed to this pamphlet published by The Christian Science Publishing Society in 1899.
  27. Addenda to William G. Ewing reminiscences, MBEL.
  28. Speaking on behalf of the Chicago Bar Association in 1903, a friend of William’s recalled his “high-minded, Christian-like character” while serving at the Illinois bar: “[N]o man ever left the bench in Chicago with a better or more blameless record for fairness, impartiality, and ability than he. He is always and everywhere a Christian gentleman. . . .” “The Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 5 (January 22, 1903): 331.
  29. “The Board of Lectureship,” Christian Science Sentinel 1 (May 4, 1899): 4. It was expected that William would lecture alongside Edward Kimball of Chicago and Annie Knott of Detroit, who were already members of the Board of Lectureship. Mr. Kimball, who was on the Board of Lectureship as well as serving as First Reader of First Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago, at the time, had his hands full. When he asked Mrs. Eddy for help with efforts on behalf of Christian Science in Chicago, she appointed Judge Ewing to the Board of Lectureship. In her letter informing Kimball of this appointment, she commented, “You can divide as brothers the section between you.” Mary Baker Eddy to Edward A. Kimball, April 26, 1899, L07476, MBEL.
  30. “Notices,” Christian Science Sentinel 2 (November 2, 1899): 139. This article was republished in all issues of the November Sentinel, and an amendment made in the 14th edition of the Church Manual alluding to this new By-law. Irving C. Tomlinson to William G. Ewing, August 7, 1899, L16138, MBEL. Even by 1902, while lecturers were still assigned to certain geographical areas, Hon. William G. Ewing was the “Lecturer at Large.” See “Board of Lectureship,” Christian Science Sentinel 4 (June 26, 1902): 688.
  31. “Christian Science, the Religion of Jesus Christ,” The Christian Science Journal 17 (February 2, 1900): 738-752. William’s lecture was issued as a supplement to the October and November 1899 issues of the Christian Science Sentinel, and Christian Scientists everywhere were encouraged to purchase and distribute it. “Supplement to the Sentinel,” Christian Science Sentinel 2 (October 19, 1899): 101. To read extracts from another of William Ewing’s lectures, see “Christian Science, Physician and Redeemer,” Christian Science Sentinel 4 (October 17, 1901): 104-107. This lecture was delivered at Symphony Hall in Boston on October 8, 1901 to an audience of some 3,000. “Judge Ewing’s Lecture,” Christian Science Sentinel 4 (October 10, 1901): 83-84.

    One of Judge Ewing’s lectures was issued as a supplement to the Christian Science Sentinel in 1899.
  32. Mary Baker Eddy to William G. Ewing, October 16, 1899, L08535, MBEL. In addition to receiving this letter in the mail, William visited Mrs. Eddy three days after he gave the lecture in Boston. He wrote to his wife about their visit: “[S]he came into the back parlor, embraced and kissed me most affectionately, and said ‘O! my dear student, I cannot speak my gratitude; others have done valiantly; but you have spoken with more wisdom, judgment, and care than all the others; God bless you.’ And as usual I said nothing except a blubber or two.” William G. Ewing to Ruth B. Ewing, October 8, 1899, MBEL. The following month, William received another message from Mrs. Eddy, which said, “Tell Judge Ewing that his lecture is perfect, it is just the way I think. We can walk hand in hand together as the disciples walked with Jesus on their Journey to Emmaus.” Mary Baker Eddy/Clara Shannon to William G. Ewing, November 23, 1899, L14557, MBEL.
  33. “The Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 1 (June 8, 1899): 12-13, quoting the Grand Forks [N.D.] Daily Herald.
  34. “Judge Ewing’s Lecture,” Christian Science Sentinel 4 (October 10, 1901): 83-84.
  35. “The Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 3 (April 25, 1901): 539.
  36. Mary Baker Eddy to Lord Dunmore, September 8, 1901, L14212, MBEL; Mary Baker Eddy to William G. Ewing, October 9, 1901, L08537, MBEL. Mrs. Eddy also once said that William was her “favorite speaker.” Mary Baker Eddy to Charles R. Corning/Mrs. Corning, October 28, 1905, N00420, MBEL.
  37. Mary Baker Eddy to William G. Ewing, February 8, 1899, L13649, MBEL; Mary Baker Eddy to Ruth B. Ewing, May 25, 1899, L08523, MBEL.
  38. Mary Baker Eddy to William E. Morgan, January 31, 1900, L04921, MBEL. See also Mary Baker Eddy to Charles A. Q. Norton, January 31, 1900, L10627, MBEL.
  39. Archibald McLellan/Mary Baker Eddy to Mary Baker Eddy/Archibald McLellan, October 31, 1905, L03109, MBEL; Mary Baker Eddy to Ruth B. Ewing, June 1902, L08526, MBEL.
  40. “The Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 2 (February 1, 1900): 350.
  41. “Letters to our Leader,” Christian Science Sentinel 6 (May 7, 1904): 569.
  42. See “The Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 5 (June 27, 1903): 682; “Among the Churches,” Christian Science Sentinel 5 (July 4, 1903): 702; “The Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 6 (March 5, 1904): 423; “Letters to our Leader,” Christian Science Sentinel 6 (March 5, 1904): 425.
  43. Lady Victoria Murray reminiscences, 27, Longyear Museum collection. “Letters to our Leader,” Christian Science Sentinel 6 (May 7, 1904): 569. See also “Lectures Abroad,” Christian Science Sentinel 4 (June 5, 1902): 640; “The Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 4 (June 12, 1902): 654; and “Judge Ewing’s Lectures,” Christian Science Sentinel 4 (June 12, 1902): 656.
  44. Irving Tomlinson reminiscences, 674-675, MBEL.
  45. The letter on the plaque reads: “Dear Mrs. Eddy:– At odd moments I have given myself the pleasure of making this little picture frame for you.The body of the frame is of Pemberton oak, the tree under which the Confederate forces at Vicksburg were surrendered to Grant. The cross is of oak taken from the mansion of Governor Conant, which house was framed in England in 1623, transported to America in the ship “Ann” and erected in Salem, Mass., in 1624. The lip, holding the glass in place, is of ebony and sandal-wood. The brace, supporting the frame, is of walnut taken from the inside trim of a war vessel sunk at Vicksburg early in the Civil War.This memorandum is made on holly-wood, the reverse side of which is white pine, taken from a wainscoting panel in the room of your father’s house at Bow, N.H., in which you were born; this wood was sent to me several years ago by your kinsman, Mr. Baker, through the good offices of Miss Mary Tomlinson. The metal in the center of the cross, is part of a hand wrought nail driven in the wainscoting panel when the house was built. Lovingly I present to you these several witnesses of master events in the World’s reach for the better – from Shakespeare and Bacon to Lincoln and yourself. Sincerely, W.G. Ewing.
  46. Tomlinson reminiscences, 674, MBEL.
  47. The Christian Science Board of Directors, “Resignation of Judge Ewing,” Christian Science Sentinel 13 (November 12, 1910): 210. Mrs. Eddy appears to have either dictated or approved this statement. See Mary Baker Eddy/Archibald McLellan, November 8, 1910, L07026, MBEL.

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